Polycystic kidney disease, or PKD for short, is a genetic disorder involving the patient’s kidneys. In the condition, there are multiple cysts in both of the kidneys. In addition to the effects on the kidneys, it can also lead to damage of the person’s pancreas, liver, and in rare cases also the brain and heart.
In addition to kidney pain, PKD has the potential to lead to other medical signs and symptoms. Some possibilities are mentioned below:
- Abdominal pain / stomach ache
- Elevated levels of creatinine in the blood serum
- Hematuria (red blood cells in the urine)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Kidney failure (renal insufficiency)
- Localized abdominal swelling
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
Renal ultrasonography is used for detecting autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The criteria for diagnosis varies, but for younger individuals necessitates that there be at least two cysts in one kidney, as well as at least one cyst in the other kidney. In patients over the age of 60, the there must be four cysts, or more.
Controlling high blood pressure to get it down to a target level is a common method of treatment. Lower blood pressure levels have reportedly slowed down the rate at which kidney function is lost. Other treatment methods may also be used, such as medications. Anti-microbials that are lipid-soluble may be used in the case of infected cysts. In some cases, kidney transplant may be performed. With this in mind, there is no particular known treatment that has been seen to halt the loss of kidney function.